Diabetes is an increasingly common disease in the U.K and around the world. It is a chronic disease that can really affect the nervous and other areas of the body and can have a life-limb threatening complication if it is left untreated.
Your feet require special attention during diabetes. Feet care is absolutely fundamental – for instance, potential problems include losing your sense to feel, reduced blood supply and severe infection. Reduced sensation in the feet can make you overlook any likely blisters in your feet.
However, the best aspect may be the fact that diabetic complications can be reduced by keeping your sugar intake in control and also by regular preventative care. It is proven that by providing the patient with the right knowledge and preventative foot care may reduce the possibility of limb amputation to about 85%.
If the high level of blood glucose are not treated or taken care of for a long time, it may result in damaging the nerves that may affect the sensor or motor neuropathy.
– Sensory neuropathy
The impaired feeling in the feet is caused by sensory neuropathy. If this happens it can only mean thing; the diabetic may be suffering from a foot injury and not being able to feel when the injury happened. This injury may occur by stepping on a sharp object. It may increase the chances of foot ulcer; a wound that is unable to heal, not being healed at all or an infection.
Some other signs of sensory neuropathy may be pain or burning feeling in the limbs, which often occurs at night.
The damage of nerves that control muscles may lead to difficulty in walking and also changes in the shape of the foot. Contraction of the toes or change in the shape of the foot may create a lot of pressure under the foot which will lead to the risk of ulcers.
Blood vessels may also be affected by long term high blood glucose causing peripheral arterial disease. Atherosclerosis may occur when the arteries carrying blood to the legs are damaged; this will lead to excessive plaque that is gathered in the artery. If this happens, the healing process of the wounds may increase more than usual or may also damage the tissue completely. This disease can be detected if the skin becomes pale and causes pain in the leg while walking.
The skin also becomes the victim of high blood sugar in numerous ways. Another kind of neuropathy that may be witnessed by diabetics is autonomic neuropathy.The symptoms of autonomic neuropathy may be dry skin and feet, if the ankles begin to swell, and also skin feels very warm when touched.
The skin change that may prove to be the most problematic may occur when certain areas of the feet do not feel pain and might experience excessive pressure due to neuropathy. If this happens the toes and soles develop corns and calluses that are formed into ulcers.
However, the best way to reduce complications if you are suffering from diabetes is through prevention and also by visiting and consulting your doctor on regular basis.