Antimicrobial is used as an agent for killing microorganisms. Antimicrobial socks are different from other fibres due to their protection property. Having a good antimicrobial property, bamboo fibres is not only suitable for making socks but also for other clothing like inner wear. Infestation caused by microbial poses great threat to all organisms. Disgusting smell from inner garments such as socks are spreading diseases and degradation of textiles are among the adverse effects of bad microbes.
Clothing using bamboo fibre is growing in the market. It is the newest thing to hit the textile industry. Under such manufacturing conditions, it is possible to create breathable and absorbent products from bamboo fibre. It contains specific property for fighting against bacteria, bacteriotasis and deodarisation. Approved under Japan Textile Inspection Association, it’s tested through multiple tests to observe usability. Even after fifty times washing, tests reveal that bamboo fibre has still capability left to fight bacteria.
Microbes being tiny are naked to the human eye. They comprise a variety of bacteria, fungi, algae and other viruses. Being unicellular organisms, they grow exponentially in warm and moist places. Some specific types of bacteria are pathogenic causing cross infection. They are complex organisms with slow growth rate, staining the samples and deteriorate the performance properties of samples. Algae being typical micro-organisms are either fungal or bacterial. They need constant source of water and sun light to grow and develop. Their pH range lies in 7.0 – 8.0. Dust mites also damage blankets, bed linen and carpets. They feed on human skin cells and their produced waste can cause allergic reactions.
To test out sample conditions for bacterial growth, a sample swatch survival test is carried out using two test organisms name Escherichia coli and Staphyleococcus aureus. Beginning from 24 hours up till 120 hours of incubation, the survival of known test bacterial concentration in all samples is assayed over time, every 24 hours. Test is also carried out using worn socks. To identify how samples are able to fight the survivability of fungi, scratch survival test is carried out on samples using two organisms namely Aspergillus niger and Trichoderman viridae. Beginning from 48 hours up till 360 hours of incubation, the life of known fungi in all samples is assayed over a constant time period, every 24 hours.
With conventional texture, room for micro-organisms growth is created and even the structure and chemical processes induce growth for microbes. Warn environment with humidity extends the problem. This infestation in result causes cross infection, leading to odour and worn of skin. Under such circumstances, bamboo fibres are an emerging trend to protect against wear of textile.